The first footnote for a source
In the text
Note identifiers should be placed at the end of a sentence, and follow any punctuation marks (but precede a dash). If you use a long quotation (more than three lines of text), the note identifier should be placed at the end of the quotation.
Lake points out that a division began in the latter half of the nineteenth century with the doctrine of ‘separate spheres’.1
At the foot of the page
When you reference a source for the first time, you must provide full bibliographic information (information about the source). This includes:
- author(s) initial(s) and surname(s)
- name of the article, book or journal
- editors (if applicable)
- publisher name and location
- year published
2. You should give exact page numbers if your reference is a direct quotation, a paraphrase, an idea, or is otherwise directly drawn from the source.
1 M Lake, ‘Intimate strangers’ in Making a Life: a People’s History of Australia Since 1788, V. Burgman and J. Lee (eds), Penguin, Victoria, 1988, p. 155.
- Titles of publications should be italicised.
- Use minimum capitalisation for publication titles.
- Use minimal capitalisation for journal or book article titles.
- Article titles should be enclosed between single quotation marks.
- Use commas to separate each item of the citation and end with a full stop.