What is critical thinking?
Critical thinking has been defined in many ways, but is essentially the process of deliberate, systematic and logical thinking on any subject, while considering bias or assumptions that may affect your discussion. Critical thinking can be defined as, "the art of analysing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it" (Paul & Elder 2009).
Critical thinkers test what they are told and what they read.
A critical thinker...
|has a goal||What do I already know? What do I need to work out?|
|applies relevant and well-focused questions to information and opinions||Is this fact or opinion?|
|seeks clarity, consistency and accuracy||How do I know this?|
|tests conclusions and reasoning against specific relevant criteria||What evidence do they have for their claims/ conclusions?|
|attemps to understand the causes, effects and implications of events, systems and ideas||Why does/ did that happen?|
|strives to recognise bias including their own||What are the stated and unstated assumptions in this information?|
|is open to alternate ideas, views and information||What other ways can we think about/ act on this?|